Mount Kenya is situated north of Nairobi, and Mount Kilimanjaro is towards the south-east.[43]
Mount Kenya (KikuyuKĩrĩnyagaKambaKi NyaaEmbuKirinyaa) is an extinct volcano in Kenya and the second-highest peak in Africa, after Kilimanjaro.[5] The highest peaks of the mountain are Batian (5,199 metres (17,057 feet)), Nelion (5,188 m (17,021 ft)) and Point Lenana (4,985 m (16,355 ft)). Mount Kenya is located in the former Eastern and Central provinces of Kenya; its peak is now the intersection of MeruEmbuKirinyagaNyeri and Tharaka Nithi counties, about 16.5 kilometres (10.3 miles) south of the equator, around 150 km (90 mi) north-northeast of the capital Nairobi.[6][5] Mount Kenya is the source of the name of the Republic of Kenya.

Mount Kenya is a volcano created approximately 3 million years after the opening of the East African Rift.[7] Before glaciation, it was 7,000 m (23,000 ft) high. It was covered by an ice cap for thousands of years. This has resulted in very eroded slopes and numerous valleys radiating from the peak.[8][9] There are currently 11 small glaciers, which are shrinking rapidly, and may disappear by 2050.[10] The forested slopes are an important source of water for much of Kenya.[11]

Nairobi (/naɪˈroʊbi/ ny-ROH-bee) is the capital and largest city of Kenya. The name is derived from the Maasai phrase Enkare Nairobi, which translates to ‘place of cool waters’, a reference to the Nairobi River which flows through the city. The city proper had a population of 4,397,073 in the 2019 census.[7][8] The city is commonly referred to as The Green City in the Sun.[9]

Nairobi was founded in 1899 as a rail depot on the Uganda – Kenya Railway. It was favoured by the authorities as an ideal resting place due to its high elevationtemperate climate, and adequate water supply [10] The town quickly grew to replace Mombasa as the capital of Kenya in 1907.[11]

After independence in 1963, Nairobi became the capital of the Republic of Kenya.[12] During Kenya’s early period, the city became a centre for the coffeetea and sisal industries.[13][14] The city lies in the south central part of Kenya, at an elevation of 1,795 metres (5,889 ft).

Nairobi is home of the Kenyan Parliament Buildings and hosts thousands of Kenyan businesses and key international companies and organizations, including the United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment) and the United Nations Office at Nairobi (UNON). Nairobi is an established hub for business and culture. The Nairobi Securities Exchange (NSE) is one of the largest stock exchanges in Africa and the second-oldest exchange on the continent. It is Africa’s fourth-largest stock exchange exchange in terms of trading volume, capable of making 10 million trades a day. It also contains the Nairobi National Park. Nairobi joined the UNESCO Global Network of Learning Cities in 2010.

By lyle01

Alexa Seleno